Skip to main contentSkip to main navigationSkip to footer content

Types of Engineering

What is Engineering?

Engineering can be simply thought of as applying mathematics and science to solve real-world problems. It requires a great deal of hard work, discipline, and creativity. Engineering is an extremely large field and is always broken down into various areas of specialization. These are listed and described in more detail below.

Most incoming engineering students do not have a solid idea of what area of engineering they want to do, but typical four-year engineering schools normally require either a formal or informal declaration of the field upon entrance. One of the beautiful aspects of Covenant's Dual Degree Program is the ability to sample the various areas for about two and a half to three years before the necessary declaration upon transferring to Georgia Tech or another approved institution.

Practicing engineers typically work in teams designing either a component of an overall product or the entire product itself. The abilities of communicating well and cooperating with others are essential tools for the engineer. Engineers with some experience are also prime candidates for managerial positions.

Which Type of Engineering is Right for Me?

Listed below are the different engineering degrees offered at Georgia Tech with descriptions of each. Also included are the links to each of the individual department homepages.

Keep in mind that Georgia Tech focuses on engineering. Therefore, some of the more specialized engineering degrees, like aerospace, bioengineering, industrial, materials, and textile, will not be offered at all other universities with engineering degrees. So, if you are planning on finishing your degree with another institution, you should confirm that the degree exists.

Aerospace Engineering (AE)

The people who find themselves in this field are typically mostly interested in working with aircraft. AE can be simply thought of as mechanical engineering specifically geared towards planes. This field really emphasizes the flow of fluids.

Georgia Tech's Aerospace Engineering Department

Biomedical Engineering

If you are more interested in the life sciences like biology than the more mathematically rigorous sciences like physics, then biomedical engineering may be a fit for you. This field takes the principles of the other branches of engineering and applies them to the medical industry to create products such as patient monitoring equipment, medical imagers, prosthetics, surgical tools, and artificial organs.

Georgia Tech's Biomedical Engineering Department

Bioengineering (BE)

This is very similar to biomedical engineering. The primary difference is that biomedical engineering is specifically geared towards the medical industry, whereas bioengineering is not necessarily bounded by medicine, although it may include medicine.

Georgia Tech's Bioengineering Department

Chemical Engineering (ChemE)

If you love chemistry and also want to go into engineering, then this is the type of engineering for you. ChemE is purely the synthesis of chemistry and engineering, and some of the typical industrial products designed by chemical engineers include pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

Georgia Tech's Chemical Engineering (ChemE) Department

Civil Engineering (CE)

This is the type of engineering that most non-engineers think of when they hear the term "engineering." As the name suggests, civil engineers design to fulfill civic needs. This can range from building bridges to laying out roadways to timing traffic lights or to even the construction of buildings and park facilities.

Georgia Tech's Civil Engineering Department

Computer Engineering (CmpE)

Computer engineering is very similar to electrical engineering. The only major difference is that it focuses on designing the electronics involved in making the hardware of computers, like the latest Pentium chip, for example. This field requires a lot of knowledge in computer programming.

Georgia Tech's Computer Engineering Department

Electrical Engineering (EE)

If you found yourself taking apart and then putting back together radios or other such electronic devices when you were a kid, then electrical engineering may be the one for you. EE is a very broad field which deals with topics like designing the electronics in your CD player or cell phone, working on telecommunications problems, dealing with electrical power issues and electromagnetics, or processing signals that can be either audio or visual. This is an extremely mathematically oriented branch of engineering.

Georgia Tech's Electrical Engineering Department

Industrial Engineering (IE)

Industrial engineers work to solve problems that ultimately involve the analysis and improvement of performance in how things are done - with regard to essentially any system or environment where relevant performance can be measured. Modern IE's concentrate, in large measure, on designing processes and strategies. IE's are employed in a variety of settings including large utility companies, financial institutions, consulting groups, manufacturing enterprises, the government, hospitals, and even the courts.

Georgia Tech's Industrial Engineering Department

Materials Engineering

This is the type of engineering that specifies to other engineers what type of material should be used for a certain product and why. Materials engineers are also often employed to test and fabricate materials for a given purpose.

Georgia Tech's Materials Engineering Department

Mechanical Engineering (ME)

This field deals with either the motion or stability of mechanical systems. Subjects of interest here are the motion of objects due to external forces, the transportation of heat and other thermal properties, flow of fluids, and the amount of stress an object can handle without breaking. Typical applications include designing cars, engines, turbines, and using computer aided design (CAD) tools. Those who enter this field tend to more hands-on types of people.

Georgia Tech's Mechanical Engineering Department

Graduate School of Education

Undergraduate Departments, Majors, Minors, Certificates, Concentrations, and Programs

Academic Certificates

  • Arts Administration
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Environmental Stewardship & Sustainability
  • Journalism and Society
  • Medical Ethics Consultation
  • Neuroscience
  • Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)


  • Art, 2-D Concentration 
  • Art, 3-D Concentration 
  • Art, Art History Concentration 
  • Art, Graphic Design Concentration 
  • Art, Photography Concentration 
  • Art minor
  • Art History minor

Biblical & Theological Studies

  • Biblical & Theological Studies 
  • Biblical & Theological Studies, Missions Concentration 
  • Biblical & Theological Studies minor
  • Biblical Languages minor
  • History of Christianity minor
  • Missions minor
  • Youth Ministry minor


  • Biology, Biomedical Concentration 
  • Biology, Environmental Concentration 
  • Biology, General 
  • Biology, Health Professions Concentration 
  • Biology minor


  • Business 
  • Business, Accounting Concentration 
  • Business, Finance Concentration 
  • Business, Marketing Concentration 
  • Sport Management 
  • Business minor
  • Sport Management minor


  • Chemistry, Biochemistry Concentration 
  • Chemistry, General 
  • Biochemistry minor
  • Chemistry minor

Computer Science

  • Computer Science 
  • Computer Science minor

Economics & Community Development

  • Community Development 
  • Economics 
  • Community Development minor
  • Economics minor


  • Education Studies 
  • Elementary Education (P-5) 
  • Secondary Education Certifications through MAT program 
  • Education minor

Engineering 3:2 Program

  • Natural Science, Pre-Engineering Studies Concentration


  • English 
  • English, Writing Concentration 
  • English minor
  • Writing minor

Health, Wellness and Coaching

  • Coaching minor

History, Politics, and International Studies

  • History 
  • History, Art History Concentration 
  • Political Science 
  • International Studies 
  • History minor
  • Political Science minor

Interdisciplinary Studies

  • Interdisciplinary Studies with Concentrations 


  • Mathematics 
  • Mathematics minor


  • Music, Church Music Concentration 
  • Music, Creative Studies Concentration 
  • Music, General Music Concentration 
  • Music, Instrumental Performance Concentration 
  • Music, Music Education (Pre-MAT) Concentration 
  • Music, Organ Performance Concentration 
  • Music, Piano Pedagogy Concentration 
  • Music, Piano Performance Concentration 
  • Music, Vocal Performance Concentration 
  • Music minor


  • Philosophy 
  • Philosophy minor


  • Physics 
  • Physics minor

Pre-Professional Programs

  • Pre-Law Studies 
  • Pre-Medical Studies 
  • Pre-Nursing Studies 
  • Pre-Physical Therapy Studies 


  • Psychology 
  • Psychology minor


  • Sociology 
  • Sociology, Family Studies & Social Work Concentration 
  • Sociology minor


  • Theatre 
  • Theatre minor

World Languages

  • French 
  • Spanish 
  • French minor
  • Spanish minor